Lasix for edema

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    Lasix for edema


    Furosemide, sold under the brand name Lasix, is a loop diuretic that blocks the sodium-potassium-chloride transporter in the ascending limb of the loop of Henle. This blockade results in decreased reabsorption of sodium, chloride, and water [1]. Diuresis starts within 30 minutes of intravenous administration and peaks in 1 to 2 hours. In addition to diuretic effects, furosemide also induces more rapid vascular changes within 15 minutes of intravenous administration, causing venodilation of the pulmonary vasculature and reducing pulmonary congestion [2]. Furosemide is the most well known and widely used of the loop diuretics which include bumetanide, torsemide, and ethacrynic acid. Furosemide is used primarily in the treatment of acute and chronic heart failure, as well as cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, and other states characterized by fluid overload. It is used in the treatment of hypertension and for hyperkalemia in concert with other potassium-lowering agents. Edema associated with congestive heart failure (CHF), liver cirrhosis, and renal disease, including nephrotic syndrome 20-80 mg PO once daily; may be increased by 20-40 mg q6-8hr; not to exceed 600 mg/day Alternative: 20-40 mg IV/IM once; may be increased by 20 mg q2hr; individual dose not to exceed 200 mg/dose Refractory CHF may necessitate larger doses Excessive diuresis may cause dehydration and electrolyte loss in elderly; lower initial dosages and more gradual adjustments are recommended (eg, 10 mg/day PO)Increase in blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and loss of sodium may cause confusion in elderly; monitor renal function and electrolytes Anaphylaxis Anemia Anorexia Diarrhea Dizziness Glucose intolerance Glycosuria Headache Hearing impairment Hyperuricemia Hypocalcemia Hypokalemia Hypomagnesemia Hypotension Increased patent ductus arteriosus during neonatal period Muscle cramps Nausea Photosensitivity Rash Restlessness Tinnitus Urinary frequency Urticaria Vertigo Weakness Toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, erythema multiforme, drug rash with eosinophila and systemic symptoms, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, exfoliative dermatitis, bullous pemphigoid purpura, pruritus Agent is potent diuretic that, if given in excessive amounts, may lead to profound diuresis with water and electrolyte depletion Careful medical supervision is required; dosing must be adjusted to patient's needs Use caution in systemic lupus erythematosus, liver disease, renal impairment Concomitant ethacrynic acid therapy (increases risk of ototoxicity) Risks of fluid or electrolyte imbalance (including causing hyperglycemia, hyperuricemia, gout), hypotension, metabolic alkalosis, severe hyponatremia, severe hypokalemia, hepatic coma and precoma, hypovolemia (with or without hypotension) Do not commence therapy in hepatic coma and in electrolyte depletion until improvement is noted IV route twice as potent as PO Food delays absorption but not diuretic response May exacerbate lupus Possibility of skin sensitivity to sunlight Prolonged use in premature neonates may cause nephrocalcinosis Efficacy is diminished and risk of ototoxicity increased in patients with hypoproteinemia (associated with nephrotic syndrome); ototoxicity is associated with rapid injection, severe renal impairment, use of higher than recommended doses, concomitant therapy with aminoglycoside antibiotics, ethacrynic acid, or other ototoxic drugs To prevent oliguria, reversible increases in BUN and creatinine, and azotemia, monitor fluid status and renal function; discontinue therapy if azotemia and oliguria occur during treatment of severe progressive renal disease FDA-approved product labeling for many medications have included a broad contraindication in patients with a prior allregic reaction to sulfonamides; however, recent studies have suggested that crossreactivity between antibiotic sulfonamides and nonantibiotic sulfonamides is unlikely to occur In cirrhosis, electrolyte and acid/base imbalances may lead to hepatic encephalopathy; prior to initiation of therapy, correct electrolyte and acid/base imbalances, when hepatic coma is present High doses ( 80 mg) of furosemide may inhibit binding of thyroid hormones to carrier proteins and result in transient increase in free thyroid hormones, followed by overall decrease in total thyroid hormone levels In patients at high risk for radiocontrast nephropathy furosemide can lead to higher incidence of deterioration in renal function after receiving radiocontrast compared to high-risk patients who received only intravenous hydration prior to receiving radiocontrast Observe patients regularly for possible occurrence of blood dyscrasias, liver or kidney damage, or other idiosyncratic reactions Cases of tinnitus and reversible or irreversible hearing impairment and deafness reported Hearing loss in neonates has been associated with use of furosemide injection; in premature neonates with respiratory distress syndrome, diuretic treatment with furosemide in the first few weeks of life may increase risk of persistent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), possibly through a prostaglandin-E-mediated process Excessive diuresis may cause dehydration and blood volume reduction with circulatory collapse and possibly vascular thrombosis and embolism, particularly in elderly patients Increases in blood glucose and alterations in glucose tolerance tests (with abnormalities of fasting and 2 hour postprandial sugar) have been observed, and rarely, precipitation of diabetes mellitus reported Patients with severe symptoms of urinary retention (because of bladder emptying disorders, prostatic hyperplasia, urethral narrowing), the administration of furosemide can cause acute urinary retention related to increased production and retention of urine; these patients require careful monitoring, especially during initial stages of treatment Hypokalemia may develop with furosemide, especially with brisk diuresis, inadequate oral electrolyte intake, when cirrhosis is present, or during concomitant use of corticosteroids, ACTH, licorice in large amounts, or prolonged use of laxatives Pregnancy category: C; treatment during pregnancy necessitates monitoring of fetal growth because of risk for higher fetal birth weights Lactation: Drug excreted into breast milk; use with caution; may inhibit lactation Loop diuretic; inhibits reabsorption of sodium and chloride ions at proximal and distal renal tubules and loop of Henle; by interfering with chloride-binding cotransport system, causes increases in water, calcium, magnesium, sodium, and chloride Solution: Fructose10W, invert sugar 10% in multiple electrolyte #2 Additive: Amiodarone (at high concentrations of both drugs), buprenorphine, chlorpromazine, diazepam, dobutamine, eptifibatide, erythromycin lactobionate, gentamicin(? ), isoproterenol, meperidine, metoclopramide, netilmicin, papaveretum, prochlorperazine, promethazine Syringe: Caffeine, doxapram, doxorubicin, eptifibatide, metoclopramide, milrinone, droperidol, vinblastine, vincristine Y-site: Alatrofloxacin, amiodarone (incompatible at furosemide 10 mg/m L; possibly compatible at 1 mg/m L), chlorpromazine, ciprofloxacin, cisatracurium (incompatible at cisatracurium 2 mg/m L; possibly compatible at 0.1 mg/m L), clarithromycin, diltiazem, diphenhydramine, dobutamine, dopamine, doxorubicin (incompatible at furosemide 10 mg/m L and doxorubicin 2 mg/m L; possibly compatible at furosemide 3 mg/m L and doxorubicin 0.2 mg/m L), droperidol, eptifibatide, esmolol, famotidine(? ), fenoldopam, gatifloxacin, gemcitabine, gentamicin(? ), hydralazine, idarubicin, labetalol, levofloxacin, meperidine, metoclopramide, midazolam, milrinone, morphine, netilmicin, nicardipine, ondansetron, quinidine, thiopental, vecuronium, vinblastine, vincristine, vinorelbine Not specified: Tetracycline Additive: Cimetidine, epinephrine, heparin, nitroglycerin, potassium chloride, verapamil Syringe: Heparin Y-site: Epinephrine, fentanyl, heparin, norepinephrine, nitroglycerin, potassium chloride, verapamil(? ), vitamins B and C Injection: Inject directly or into tubing of actively running IV over 1-2 minutes Administer undiluted IV injections at rate of 20-40 mg/min; not to exceed 4 mg/min for short-term intermittent infusion; in children, give 0.5 mg/kg/min, titrated to effect Use infusion solution within 24 hours The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

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    Dec 18, 2018. Bumex and Lasix are both commonly prescribed to treat edema. We compare them side by side so you can decide which option is best for you. Aug 8, 2018. Because pulmonary edema requires prompt treatment, you'll initially be. Doctors commonly prescribe diuretics, such as furosemide Lasix. Jan 4, 2018. Generalized edema can occur in a variety of disorders, including heart failure, cirrhosis where ascites is usually most prominent, the nephrotic.

    Using too much of this drug can lead to serious water and salt/mineral loss. Therefore, it is important that you are closely monitored by your doctor while taking this medication. Show More Furosemide is used to reduce extra fluid in the body (edema) caused by conditions such as heart failure, liver disease, and kidney disease. Tell your doctor right away if you become very thirsty or confused, or develop muscle cramps/weakness. This can lessen symptoms such as shortness of breath and swelling in your arms, legs, and abdomen. This drug is also used to treat high blood pressure. Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. Furosemide is a "water pill" (diuretic) that causes you to make more urine. This helps your body get rid of extra water and salt. Edema is the result of an imbalance in the filtration system between the capillary and interstitial spaces. The kidneys play a key role in regulating extracellular fluid volume by adjusting sodium and water excretion. Major causes of edema include venous obstruction, increased capillary permeability, and increased plasma volume secondary to sodium and water retention. A systematic approach is warranted to determine the underlying diagnosis. Treatment includes sodium restriction, diuretic use, and appropriate management of the underlying disorder. Loop diuretics often are used alone or in combination. In patients with New York Heart Association class III and IV congestive heart failure, spironolactone has been found to reduce morbidity and mortality rates. In patients with cirrhosis, ascites is treated with paracentesis and spironolactone.

    Lasix for edema

    Furosemide Davis's Drug Guide, Pulmonary edema - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

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  3. Diuretics are one of the best treatments for patients suffering from edema of the. Diuretics, such as lasix, cause the kidney to eliminate water from the blood.

    • Diuretics & Lymphedema.
    • Treatment of refractory edema in adults - UpToDate.
    • Taking Lasix Diuretic After Surgery - Verywell Health.

    Jun 30, 2015. Diuretics are commonly used to control edema across various clinical fields. Diuretics inhibit sodium reabsorption in specific renal tubules. It's also used to treat edema, which is swelling caused by fluid buildup in your body. tablet is a prescription drug that's available as the brand-name drug Lasix. Apr 18, 2016. Furosemide, sold under the brand name Lasix, is a loop diuretic that blocks. For acute pulmonary edema, the initial IV dose is 20-40 mg which.

     
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